Sunday, October 14, 2018

Historic Photo: Sault St. Marie Poling Rapids

From this Ebay seller comes a steroview photo of a man poling up the rapids near Sault Ste. Marie. Just behind the poler is a paddle resting on the thwarts. The stout paddle shaft has a short, flattened bobble style grip ending.

Title: 7992 Breasting rapids at Sault Ste. Marie with an Indian guide 
Underwood & Underwood, New York, London, Toronto, Ottawa



Unfortunately, there is no date associated with the photo description, but the photographic company,
Underwood & Underwood, were major publishers of stereoscopic photos until 1920.



Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Historic Paddle Photo: Matt Bernard - Pikwàkanagàn FN Bark Canoe and Paddle

Illustrated Forest and Outdoors (January 1947) from the Canadian Forestry Association featured a 1 page article showcasing the bark canoe building of Matt Bernard of Golden Lake, Ontario  (now known as Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation).



The canoe and image look similar to the photo in the virtualmuseum.ca online exhibit Canoe Builders of Pikwàkanagàn where a better photo of the paddle profile is shown.

MATTHEW BERNARD AN EXPERT AT PADDLING
Location: Pikwakanagan Indian Reserve, Golden Lake, Ontario





Friday, October 5, 2018

Hopkins: Listing of Voyageur Art Work

Jeanne Doucette's blog post MÉTIS THROUGH THE EYES OF A LADY features most of the canoe-related artwork of Frances Anne Hopkins. Worth a look to see the images collected into one place. Clicking the image below will take you to the post.








Sunday, September 30, 2018

Historic Paddle Photo: Grand Lake New Brunswick

From the Maliseet Album of  Native North American Indian - Old Photos...








Friday, September 21, 2018

c1860 St. John Maliseet Paddle Replica - Part 1

A long time in the making but finally got around to starting another vintage replica. This one was based on circa 1860 paddle collected in the St. John River area of New Brunswick. It appeared in the Stair Galleries auction site (May 23, 2009 Past Auction catalogue - Lot # 110).


NORTHEASTERN WOODLANDS (Malecite?) CANOE PADDLE
Circa 1860
5 ft. 3 3/4 in.
Maple
Estimate : $700 - $900
Realized : $2,500
This paddle was collected in the St. John's River area of New Brunswick, Canada. Floral designs are incised on the top. 


The paddle was also featured in a long out of print exhibition catalogue - Pleasing the spirits : a catalogue of a collection of American Indian art by Ewing, Douglas C (1982) - plate 474. Luckily one copy of this out of print exhibit catalogue was available at the Toronto Reference Library where I went to find some extra information. The black and white pics included a closeup of the floral carving details etched on the grip of the not featured on the auction images.


Basic Floral Etchings on grip


The original was made from some beautiful Birdseye but I was only able to source out some plain soft maple. Still progress is being made. Here is the paddle with the blade and grip being worked on...






Saturday, September 15, 2018

Popular Woodworking Article (2004)

Here's a link to a PDF Format online article which appeared in Popular Woodworking August 2004. The eight page spread outlines how to make a canoe paddle from board of framing lumber.





Included among the many photos are illustration of the plans as well as a closeup of the grip carving. The author has sketched out an 25" long ottertail blade with a max with of 5-1/2".










Saturday, September 8, 2018

Historic Paddle Illustration: American Turf Register - 1832

A previous post discussed a lithograph print by Swiss artist Peter Rindisbacher (1806-1834) created during his journey to central Canada. Entitled Indians Gathering Wild Rice and Shooting Wild Fowl, a surviving copy is in the collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery.

Indians Gathering Wild Rice and Shooting Wild Fowl, 1832
Peter Rindisbacher - Canadian (born in Switzerland), 1806–1834
Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery
Acquired with funds from the Estate of Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Naylor
G-90-452



The print was originally published on page 57 of American Turf Register and Sporting Magazine (Vol. IV, No. 2, October 1832) now available on Archive.org.

Indians Gathering Wild Rice and Shooting Wild Fowl, 1832
Peter Rindisbacher - Canadian (born in Switzerland), 1806–1834
American Turf Register and Sporting Magazine
(Vol. IV, No. 2, October 1832)
Source Link



Closeup of Stern paddle using a bobble grip


Along with the image is a brief article submitted by a reader providing additional details. The language used is typical of the time and may be considered offensive by today's readers, but it still provides interesting details ...  

Mr. Rindisbacher's drawing represents an Indian shooting only, but they frequently combine shooting, fishing and gathering the wild rice (abounding in all the lakes and many of the rivers,) in one occupation; that is to say, an Indian family goes forth in a canoe with gun  and fishing gig, and the implements for gathering the rice. The head of the family sits in the bow with his gun and gig, the old lady in the stern with the paddle, and two (or one as the case may be,) squaws near midships, with sticks, two each, shaped something like wooden swords, and having left the shore, or arrived at the scene of operations, the labors commence. The canoe is paddled slowly along through the wild rice, which the two girls, by means of the sticks in their outside hands, bend over the canoe and strike off the rice with the sticks in their other hands, all this as the canoe moves on; at the same time the Indian shoots what game he can, or rather chooses, so plenty are the geese, ducks and brants, continually rising and swimming before him. If he discovers the wake of a large fish, the squaws are directed to suspend their labors in collecting the rice, and the canoe very cautiously follows the direction of him at the bow until he strikes the fish or gives up the chase. 






Tuesday, September 4, 2018

Historic Paddle Illustration: Digby Mi'kmaq Canoe Photo

The free online library at Archive.org has a great book outlining the extensive history of the Native culture on the East Coast.  Twelve thousand years : American Indians in Maine by Bruce J.  Bourque is a thorough publication that features some photos beyond just the Maine border to include First Nations groups from Canada. Among one particular shot in the appendix section is photo A-18 featuring a Mi'kmaq group with canoe in front of a bark wigwam. 



The two standing gentlemen at the far right and far left are each holding up an inverted paddle clearly showing the shape of the blade.







Saturday, September 1, 2018

Small Boats Monthly: Rollin Thurlow - Atkinson Traveler

A great online article by Donnie Mullen published on SmallBoatsMonthly.com discusses the paddling features of Rollin Thurlow's famed design, the Atkinson Traveler. Included in the article is a photo of Rollin and his shop assistant Elisa Schine using some Maine style paddles with beautiful grips.


Courtesy: Small Boats Monthly
Photo Credit: Donnie Mullen



Sunday, August 26, 2018

Fantastic Birchbark Canoe Raffle Happening Now

Paddling friend and Artist, Mike Ormsby has organized a fundraiser where the prize is a chance to win an authentic 13' bark canoe built by two well known builder's from Maniwaki Quebec - Jocko Carle and Basil Smith! These two builders were featured in David Gidmark's publication Building a Birchbark Canoe - The Algonquin Wabanaki Tciman.


Jocko Carle & Basil Smith Raffle Canoe
Addition photos: Facebook Album

The canoe is in great shape considering it is nearly 50 years old. It is constructed with a single piece of bark (rare these days) and needs some new lashings, a thwart and some re-pitching. If the fundraiser is successful, Mike will restore the canoe to be water worthy. Proceeds from the fundraiser will go towards future First Nation community canoe builds.

Tickets are just $100 and 100 will be available. A 1-in-100 chance are great odds for winning this boat. Mike is asking for payments to be done by e-transfer to bildcanoe@gmail.com or through PayPal. So far just 15 of the 100 have been sold and a deadline is approaching. So anyone interested in this chance should move fast.

Additional information or to contact Mike through facebook, check out this page HERE.



DIY Marsh Pole Shoe

For quite sometime, I've been wanting to make an accessory for the two piece spruce pole carved back in 2017. My occasional day trips poling around involve rocky river & creek bottoms where the homemade copper pipe and lag bolt shoe works fine. Often though, I want to explore marshy areas where a typical pole shoe get stuck in the mud and becomes less effective as a propulsion tool.

Commercial duck bill type pole ends exist for fishermen and hunters wandering into mucky territory, but rather than invest in more plastic gear, I have been interested in an alternative solution called the "Crow's Foot". Here's an image of one on the bottom right.


A simple accessory made of wood, the profile of the foot is supposed to increase surface area so the pole doesn't sink to deep into muddy bottoms, while minimally interfering with forward momentum. A few folks online have posted that they've used homemade versions with decent results while commenting that that foot also acts as a bit of rudder to help steering.

Before his online images disappeared, I saved Matt Hopkinson's pics of the foot being used by native groups in the swampy Florida Everglades...


Matt also shared his idea for securing the Crow's with a tensioned cord and a small metal brace that fits through the bolt at the bottom of his aluminum pole.

Matt H's Crow's Foot Attachment


I adapted Matt's method for my own wooden pole by using up some scraps. My crow's foot is from a piece of yellow birch with a notch cut in to hold a strong velcro buckle tie. I found an old piece of metal bracing with a large enough hole so the 5/8" lag bolt could fit through. It was simply screwed to the bottom of the foot with whatever old screws I could find. Looks ugly but it works


The friction fit and velcro strap hold the foot on pretty tightly but  the great thing about this method is that the Crow's foot is not permanently attached to the pole so it can be removed easily once out of the mucky terrain. That way, a dedicated marsh pole is not needed and I can continue using the pole for more commonl rocky terrain.



Eventually the birch foot will be painted or varnished to give it a bit more longevity, but being eager to test it out, I headed out to marshy wetland out on the cottage lake where the water levels shallows out to about 2 feet and the lake bottom is thick mud. Here is the canoe loaded up with the Green Passamaquoddy paddle and another one in the process of being carved (maple). 



Once at the wetland, I attached the Crow's foot to the pole and stood up ...



The foot worked perfectly! The pole was not getting stuck in the mucky bottom and I could easily push the canoe around. Since I was alone, the only shot of it in action I could take was a twisted angle of the foot submerged in the murky water. Standing up in a canoe while poling and taking a photo with one hand isn't easy!


Anyway, quite happy how this little bit gear will make poling in marshy zones much more enjoyable. Thanks Matt H for the helpful advice.




Friday, August 17, 2018

Paddle Photoshoot

Our family has been away at the cottage for the last little while enjoying some much needed disconnect time from the city. Paddling options were limited for me, but I did get the chance to take some older designs out of a spin along with a few newer  models that had yet to be dipped in water.

Paddles Left to Right:


Also found a huge patch of water lilies to take a couple of these shots ...









Friday, August 3, 2018

3 day Father & Son Trip - Year of the Deerfly

Got to spend some quality outdoor time with my older boy on our annual father son trip.  For the last 2 years, we've been visiting the Haliburton Highland Water Trails (formerly Frost Centre) to explore these well maintained waterways. If you missed them the first time they were posted, those trip reports can be read here and here.

I had planned to take him further north on a more adventurous route to the Temagami area for some Crown Land camping but a large chunk of the area came under a voluntary evacuation due to serious forest fires. About 100 kids from the famed Keewaydin camp even had to be evacuated to North Bay

Given these conditions, we decided to make an easy trip to familiar waters so we went back to the HHWT. The summer has been hot and dry and we went in knowing the area had a daytime fire ban. Turns out the day we paddled in, a large swath of the region (including Algonquin Park) declared a total fire ban so no campfires in the evening either.

Brought along the wanigan and a few other bits of homemade gear including his custom paddle made last summer, folding bucksaw chair and our trusty set of oil tanned leather moccasins. Along with these heavier luxuries, my little guy wanted to bring his acoustic guitar for entertainment so I didn't want to do something too excessive. We had anticipated one night at the far end of the access point lake then we would paddle a short stretch of river, take two easy  portages (less than 100m each)  over to the next lake for an additional two nights. 

We arrived to an near empty lot with only one other vehicle parked at this normally busy access point. Glorious weather was predicted for the week so the fact that we would see only one other group was a nice surprise.

Paddling in

After a leisurely paddle down the lake, we explored the campsites along the route for future reference. In the end we ended up with a nice peninsula site tucked in its own private bay that had two tiers of elevation and a large rocky expanse to lounge around.

Rocky spit and easy waterfront access at site


We set up our tent under a large pine by the shore and also hung our water filter system on a cut branch stub. Some  flat boulders near the tent pad served nicely as a bench. 



The rocky frontage had many little points where the lake depth dropped quickly. After helping out with the site setup, my boy grabbed his rod and started casting right off the edge.



No bites at this time of day, so he decided to take out his guitar and jam. Can't quite see it in the photo below but there was a loon in the distance serving as his lake front audience. Got a couple of loony wails when playing some acoustic AC/DC.




While he was rockin' out, some food was prepared and I got to enjoy a mid-day cappuccino in a new camping cup. The cup was made from a split coconut shell sanded down to remove all the hairs and a piece of antler for the handle. Holds a good 1-1/2 cups of fluid...

Coconut Kuksa Cup


After a nice shore lunch by the breezy shore, I surprised my boy with some bushcraft gear I made over the off-season.

New camping / bushcraft gear


The set included his very first "real" knife & firesteel combo. Up until now he's been playing and practicing with a wooden set made a few years back. Used a Helle Fjording blade (short 70mm = 2-3/4 inch long) with a walnut bolster and elk antler handle. Also tried a different sheath and belt loop design with stamped markings and his initial. The pointy tip from the antler piece was re-purposed as a handle for his own ferro rod. Leather scraps were stitched up to make a belt holder.

Also ended up making myself a new knife using a very affordable Condor Woodlaw blank. The olive wood scales came from my Great Uncles property overseas and was from the same tree that I used to make one my crooked knives back in 2009. Decorated the handle with a bit of pyrography and made an accompanying dangler sheath - a very comfortable design for canoe camping when you need to kneel in the boat.

Anyway, my son loved his new kit. He wanted it on his belt right away and pretty much kept it on for the rest of the trip. 

Proud little bushcrafter


Later in the evening when the wind died down we tried our hand at fishing as well as exploring a wetland for any wildlife.

Exploring a wetland for  herons


No luck fishing


Day one ended well and the following morning a beautiful mist was rising off the lake. 



The mosquitoes were out at this time, so with armed with a bug jacket, another attempt at fishing was made while breakfast was being prepared.

Early morning misty fishing

No bites again so the patient fisherman wanted to paddle and explore another section of the lake. The mosquitoes weren't quite as bad by this time but the deer flies came out in aggressive hordes. Never been bothered by bugs in all my years of camping but have to admit this year's deer fly scourge even got me frustrated.


Time had come to pack up and move to the new campsite (the same one I stayed on during my solo trip last fall), but the thought of dealing with the blood thirsty deer flies on the paddle over and portages through the bush didn't seem too much fun. So far we had the whole lake to ourselves and despite being booked on another site, we decided to bend the rules and stay on being ready to move on if anyone came.

I was going to keep our bug shelter at home and just rough it with bug jackets. At the last minute, my boy mentioned we should bring it just in case. He even moved stuff into his pack so we could make space for this bulky piece of gear in the main pack. In the end it was a super smart move!

We set up in an elevated part of the site and this became our home to cook and relax in relative backcountry comfort.

VCS 13 Bug Shelter = total necessity in the year of the deer fly


The wanigan proved to be a great practical use on this trip again. It was our kitchen, our table and our entertainment centre. The chess set I made with wood scraps and the inner tray got lots of usage. My son played lots of chess at school this year and decisively beat me every single game.



"You should stick to making stuff instead", he said.

That reminded me of another camp gift I made buried deep in the pack. Years ago spotted a design on the BushcraftUSA.com site of a folding canvas and leather pouch. I stitched the sack from a scrap of dropcloth tarp and attached the leather components that serve as a belt loop and cover. Explained to him that he could keep the pouch folded up on his belt and then open it up to throw-in whatever he collected. Here's a shot of the "Dump Pouch" on his hip.




With bug shirt back own, we explored the thick bush behind the site to find various forms of tinder. I gave him a challenge to try and find things that he thought he could light with a spark from his ferro rod.


In the end he collected some dried sphagnum moss, old man's beard lichen, reindeer lichen, a pine cone, and some birchbark.

The fire starter collection

Given the total fire ban, we packed these up to bring back home and experiment in the safety of the backyard back in the city. Another trip is in the books and hopefully we'll get some more family paddling in later this summer.





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